Wednesday, November 20, 2013

Barry ZeVan, Tom Ryther and JFK

Anyone who was at least five years old on November 22, 1963 remembers where they were when they first heard the news that President John F. Kennedy had been shot in Dallas and later died. Those who were children then most likely heard about it while in school. Adults heard about it in all different ways, likely either from a television or radio report or through word of mouth.

Whenever I interview someone who was around then, especially people who had careers in media, I like to ask them where they were on that fateful day. I've had the pleasure of talking many times to a couple of talents I grew up watching on television in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area, Barry ZeVan and Tom Ryther. The two of them were colleagues and friends who worked together in the Twin Cities market in the 1970s and 1980s, and separately in various other cities. They didn't meet until about seven years after the JFK assassination, but when it happened both of them were young broadcasters, 26 years old at the time, and they both have their own unique stories of where they were when they first heard the news.

KSTP-TV ad promoting Barry ZeVan
 the Weatherman from 1971.
Recalls Barry ZeVan:

I had been attending one of the first BPA (Broadcast Promotion Association) conventions at the Jack Tar Hotel in San Francisco from the 16th to 19th of November, 1963. I had friends in Yuma, Arizona, who asked if I could drive there to visit for a day, and since I had the time, I decided to do so. I arrived in Yuma the night of the 20th, spent the day of the 21st there, then started to drive back home (which was Idaho Falls, Idaho, at the time) the morning of the 22nd. For some reason, I chose to not have the radio on while driving, but decided to turn it on around Noon, Pacific Time. I had just crossed the Colorado River into Needles, California, to get on the highway that would lead me to Las Vegas and northward to Idaho. Just north of Needles, after a commercial had played, I heard Fulton Lewis, Jr., a highly-respected newscaster and commentator, talking about Presidential succession. I thought to myself, "Why?'. Then he stated, for those just tuning in, President Kennedy had been killed. I screamed and nearly went of the road, just south of Searchlight, Nevada (Harry Reid's hometown).

Because there were no cell phones then, I had to wait until I got to Boulder City, Nevada, to call my wife to assure her I'd be driving all night to get home, and for her to not worry about the survival of this country. When I got to Las Vegas about a half-hour later, I heard on the radio all lights on The Strip and downtown, on Fremont Street, would not be lighted until Midnight that night. It was raining and snowing, mixed, that late afternoon and evening, and very chilly for Las Vegas that time of year. The skies were crying, too. I drove through blizzard-like weather all the way to Idaho Falls, which I reached about 7 the next morning. I never turned the radio off. At about 4 a.m., I heard the comforting words of then Senator Hubert Humphrey and Rhode Island's Senator John Pastore, reassuring the nation that all would be well, regardless of the horror we all endured the preceding day. I didn't know at that time Senator Humphrey would become a very good friend to me in later years.
The night I emceed Vice President Mondale's pre-inaugural banquet at the Washington Hilton in January, 1977, former Vice President Humphrey was in the audience and I got to introduce him to come to the podium for his remarks that evening. I told the preceding story (regarding my memories of him that early November 23rd on the snow-swept highway in Southern Idaho), and how he'd inspired me and the rest of the nation, I'm certain, to know we would survive the event of that terrible preceding day.

Tom Ryther became the KSTP-TV sports director in 1971.
Tom Ryther was on the air on radio station WIBV in Belleville, IL, a suburb of St. Louis, when the news broke. His story appeared in my web article, The RYTHER Factor.

It was high noon on that day in 1963, and we had an old newspaper guy who was our news director and all he did was rip and hand us the news copy [off the news wire]. He hands me this thing, ‘There have been shots fired in Dallas. It is believed that President Kennedy has been wounded.’ I was on the air reading a newscast, and I said, ‘We’ll bring you further details as they develop.’ Al [the news director] goes to lunch. When he came back I said "Al, what the…the President of the United States has been shot!"

In the hour after the first bulletin had cleared the wire, while the news director was out to lunch, Tom ran back and forth between the newsroom and the studio, getting reports from the Associated Press and United Press International wires and getting the information on the air as quickly as possible while playing records and taped commercials in the interim. Finally came the bulletin, which he read on the air:

“Word just in from the Associated Press, President John F. Kennedy has died of wounds suffered in Dallas during a motorcade. It is unknown at this time who did the shooting. Investigations are underway.”

Luckily I had gotten some training so I had some experience, [and] I had a cool head that day.

As a journalism student in 1958, Tom had actually met then-Senator Kennedy when he went to Washington with other journalism students as a guest of Sen. Stuart Symington of Missouri. The future President met with the students outside of Senate chambers and answered questions from the students, including Tom. He says:
I never wrote a story about it, but I was in on the interview. I sat there, asked him questions, talked to him. Great charisma.

Monday, November 18, 2013

Television Listings--November 22, 1963

Banner headline on the November 22, 1963 edition of the Minneapolis Star evening newspaper read, "PRESIDENT SLAIN Sniper Cuts Down Kennedy, Texas Governor in Dallas Parade". It had news and photos about the infamous day in history when President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas. Meanwhile on television, all of the networks broke into programming as soon as the story hit, and presented wall-to-wall news coverage for the next several days.

But the television program listings carried in the paper were submitted in advance, and on page 23A we see what would have been on had the President not been slain. In those days in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area, WCCO-4 was CBS (as it is now), KSTP-5 was NBC, KMSP-9 was ABC and WTCN-11 was independent. Since the Star was an evening paper, the listings start at 4 p.m. Friday and go through 3 p.m. Saturday. Everything listed was preempted that day (although we are not entirely clear what WTCN did that day, as it had no network affiliation at that time).

In addition to the listings, ads on the page promote Lee J. Cobb, Harry Guardino and Gena Rowlands in John O'Hara's "It's Mental Work" on "Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theater" on NBC that night, and local late night movies on Channels 9 and 11.

Programs highlighted by the newspaper included:

6:30--77 SUNSET STRIP. "Lover's Lane," a drama featuring guest Preston Foster.--ch. 9.

7:30--ROUTE 66. "Kiss the Monster, Make Him Sleep." James Coburn and Barbara Mattes appear in drama filmed in Minneapolis.--ch. 4.

7:30--MOVIE. "Goliath Against the Giants." Brad Harris stars in drama shown for the first time on TV in this area. --ch. 11.

8:30--TWILIGHT ZONE. "Night Call." Gladys Cooper is splendid in a weird little story about an elderly invalid who gets phone calls without the aid of the phone company.--ch. 4.

9:00--ALFRED HITCHCOCK. "Body in the Barn." A suspicious woman is positive that her neighbor has been murdered by his wife, and she wants justice done. The story is well paced and cast. Lillian Gish, Peter Lind Hays and Maggie McNamara have the leads.--ch. 4.

9:00--JACK PAAR. Guests: Liberace, Milt Kamen, Cassius Clay and Mary McCarthy.--ch. 5.

10:30--STEVE ALLEN. Guests: Joe Flynn, Janice Baker, Jack Carter and comedienna Gina Wilson. --ch. 4.

10:30--TONIGHT. Guests: Kirk Douglas, Dave King, Henny Youngman and the Willis Sisters.--ch. 5.


12:30--SPORTS SPECTACULAR presents charity basketball game between the Harlem Globetrotters and Prince Phillip's Taverners.--ch. 4.

12:30--AMERICAN BANDSTAND. Guests: Johnny Mathis, Connie Stevens, Johnny Crawford and Annette.--ch. 9.

1:15--FOOTBALL. Minnesota vs. Wisconsin.--ch. 4.

Saturday, August 31, 2013

"Oddities in the News"--from 1910

This column of tidbits appeared in the February 24, 1910 edition of the Minneapolis Journal evening newspaper, kind of similar to the "News of the Weird" and similar newspaper columns that appear today. One might think everything that happened in 1910 would be an oddity by today's standards, but these were particularly noteworthy to the editor more than a century ago.

Doctors Couldn't Fix His Eye; It Was Glass.
   Joseph Cunningham had trouble with a peddler in Hudson street, New York, and his left eye was cracked. He went with it in his hand to St. Vincent's hospital, but the doctors couldn't help him for it was glass, and couldn't even be glued together.

Train Ran Over Him but He Was Not Hurt.
   While on his way to school at Columbus, Ohio, Dewey Sims tried to cross the tracks in front of a train and fell. Before he could arise, the train was upon him, but he had fallen such a way he did not receive a scratch as it passed over him.

Died as She Played "Home, Sweet Home."
   Literally carried away by her own music, Miss Katherine Beason died playing "Home, Sweet Home," at Attica, Ind. She had a weak heart and doctors said being transported by her own music caused it to give way.

Cured by Dream, Man Throws Away Crutches.
   After suffering long from rhumatism, H. M. Post of Owosea, Mich. dreamed he took a new treatment for the malady. When he awoke he found himself completely cured and threw away his crutches.

Woman Has Spent Much of 102 Years in Sleep.
    During most of her 102 years, Mrs. Susan Hurlbut of Wilkes-Barre has slept from 10 p.m. until 7 a.m. She is in good health and attributes her longevity to plenty of sleep, and regular habits.

Kills 216 Rats With "Bite-Proof" Gloves.
   Arthur Crawford, foreman of E. C. Converce's home near Greenwich, Conn., killed 216 rats in half an hour. There is a rat plague at the henneries. Crawford covers his hands with "bite-proof" gloves, pulls the rats out of holes and breaks their necks.

Convict's Invention Wins Him a Pardon.
   William Howard is to be released from the state prison of Nebraska, where he has been serving a sentence for burglary. The cause is a self-balancing aeroplane he has invented, said to be better than all machines so far. He has been promised financial backing.

Lodges in New Henhouse Since Home Burned.
   In a few years fire has destroyed four fine homes of Mrs. Evelyn W. Murray, and she now lives in a chicken house near the site of her last house, near Somerville, N. J. She is wealthy, but prefers the chicken house to a hotel, partly, it is said, because she will not intrust animals on the place to servants.

Needs Wife and Job to Get That $20,000.
   John E. Mason, a young Englishman in Boston, will have to get married and a job to claim a $20,000 legacy left by his father. He has only a year, and at present has neither the prospect of a job or a wife.

Postoffice Closed; Nobody Wants Job.
   Because the government is unable to get any one to serve as postmaster the office at Dry Brook, Ulster county, is abolished. Nobody wants the job because it pays through the cancellation of stamps only about $1 a week.

Thursday, August 29, 2013

Shoppers' City Story

   Around 1960 or thereabouts, big-box discount retail stores began taking up vast parcels of land across the United States, surrounded by huge parking lots to accommodate the automobile culture and a society on the move.  The big boxes were adorned with giant electric signs that could be seen from far away and could catch an eye even at 60 or 70 miles an hour. Practically every new store that opened had an incredible Grand Opening with promises of excitement as well as low, low prices. Everything was big, big, big and cheap.

   These huge, over-the-top stores were a product of the ever-sprawling suburbia that began in the years following World War II. As Americans moved further away from the downtowns and main streets, and into neighborhoods of newly-built houses on vast parcels of previously undeveloped land and former farm fields, a giant store with just about everything and plenty of parking space (as cars became a necessity rather than a luxury) was just what everyone thought they needed in their new communities. And just like the little boxes for houses they all lived in, the big-box stores were filled with ticky-tacky, to paraphrase an old folk song.

   These discount department stores had practically everything—housewares, appliances, clothing, toys, sporting goods, records, stereo equipment, gadgets, hardware, novelty wastebaskets, sometimes even complete grocery departments, cafeterias and optical centers, all under one giant roof, and at prices lower than the traditional stores that had those things. Whatever you needed was right there in that same convenient location. Quality, however, was sometimes lacking, especially in the early days of discount retail. Plastic crap that didn’t last, cheap clothing that fell apart or faded after one or two washings, etc.

   The well-known discount retail stores of today, Wal-Mart, Target and Kmart all got their start in that era, but one of the forgotten discount department stores, Shoppers' City, was an early regional chain that had grand ambitions. Shoppers' City was a Minnesota-based chain started in 1959 by Melvin Roth and Seymore Rothstein. Until they combined with the Massachusetts-based Zayre discount chain in the early seventies, Shoppers' City signage featured a cartoon bird shaped like capital letter S for a logo. The stores boasted 100,000 square feet of floor space, and were a combination discount center and supermarket, with a lunch counter as well, and over time different departments within the stores were leased out to other businesses to provide an incredible range of services from furniture to optical to beauty parlors to barber shops. Even dance studios could be found (among many other things) in Shoppers' City stores.

   You could even find a tiny no-frills gas station in the parking lot of some stores, where one could fill up at 20 cents a gallon (22 cents for Ethyl gas) with coupon in a 1966 newspaper ad. (Sorry. Offer expired October 8, 1966).

   Through the 1960s Roth and Rothstein grew Shoppers’ City into a respectable chain of five stores in Minnesota, competing aggressively not only with department store retail but also with the big supermarkets, with full selections of groceries at competitive prices, their own store brands along with all the well-known name brands, and sometimes even full-service bakeries. They ran full-page newspaper ads and two-page spreads regularly, touting specials and sales on their already low prices on general merchandise and groceries.

   The stores did brisk business but the overhead costs were very high and more capital was needed just to keep things afloat. In 1966, Zayre Corporation, which operated dozens of branded stores in several states east of the Mississippi, agreed to take over Shoppers’ City, but initially the chain continued to operate autonomously as a separate division of Zayre, with Roth and Rothstein continuing to run the division.
   Finally in the spring of 1971 the stores were completely remodeled and made over in the Zayre image and were renamed Zayre Shoppers’ City. But unlike the regular Zayre stores out east, which were strictly general merchandise stores, Zayre Shoppers’ City stores would continue to operate with full grocery departments as well as the wide-ranging leased-out departments that made the stores unique.

   Shoppers’ City’s main competitor was another Minnesota-based discount chain, Target, which has since gone on to national prominence as a “classier” discount store with outlets in almost every state, while Shoppers’ City and Zayre faded away decades ago.

   Zayre pulled out of the Upper Midwest region in 1980, abandoning the Shoppers’ City name and concept altogether (Zayre-only stores continued to operate in other parts of the country as did other chains owned by the company), selling most of the outlets to Kmart. But they didn’t leave without controversy.

   As soon as the Zayre Shoppers’ City Going Out of Business Sale was announced, with “savings up to 60 % off Zayre’s regular prices,” some customers noticed a lot of prices had been jacked up just prior to the sale. A local TV station investigated and Minnesota’s attorney general looked into it. Zayre Corporation vehemently denied any wrongdoing.

  The AG’s office found no evidence of deliberate public deception on the part of the stores, but that store managers, unaware they were about to “go out of business” had gotten updated price lists from corporate headquarters days before and had applied new price tags based on that. (Bar codes were not fully in use at that time, so it was easy to peel off a new price to reveal an old one.) Also some merchandise had been discounted from a previous sale and simply had gone back up to the “regular price.” Still, Zayre agreed to cut prices further for their “Going Out of Business Sale” to make everyone happy. (Zayre Corporation itself finally bit the dust in 1989.)